History of the Inn

  • History of the Inn

History of Inn at Evergreen:

Originally a plantation of more than 1,000 acres, the Inn at Evergreen is located at the foot of the Bull Run Mountains in northwestern Prince William County.

The main building was built in 1827 by Lewis Berkeley; this historic plantation home is included in the National Registry of Historic Places and on the National Underground Railroad to Freedom.

The house was constructed in the Greek Revival style with Doric Columns used on the porches. It has been lovingly restored into a luxury Inn with eleven beautifully appointed rooms, situated on the grounds of the Evergreen Country Club.

About the Berkeley Family

Colonel Edmund Berkeley (1824-1915):

Born on February 29, 1824, Edmund Berkeley inherited the Evergreen plantation. When he was six months old, the Marquis de Lafayette held him when he was visiting America. Later, he played in the White House with Mary Donelson, a relative of President Andrew Jackson.

Edmund Berkeley was married outside of the Tidewater aristocracy to Mary Lawson Williams of Tennessee. For her wedding, her father, a wealthy landowner, gave her the option of slaves or real estate. She choose the former.

The slaves made the trip with the new couple; the women and children in wagons, the men walking. The Berkeley's raised 13 children at Evergreen.

Before the Civil War began, Edmund received his commission as Captain of Militia from Gov. John Letcher. He formed Company C, "The Evergreen Guards," of the 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry.

Three of Edmund's brothers also were officers of the 8th:

• Major William N. Berkeley (1826-1907) - Formed Company D, "Champe Rifles." Wounded and captured at Gettysburg; captured at Sayler's Creek.

• Colonel Norborne Berkeley (1828-1911) - V.M.I Class of 1848. Major of the regiment at the start of the war and responsible for much of the early training. Wounded and captured at Gettysburg.

• Captain Charles F. Berkeley (1833-1871) - Company D. Captured at Gettysburg; captured at Sayler's Creek.

The Berkeley Brothers were one of the most influential Confederate units.

Historians refer to the 8th Virginia Infantry as the "Berkeley Regiment." They fought in all the principal battles in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. The regiment was almost annihilated at Gettysburg where, after the famous charge of Pickett's men, there were only 10 men left of the 200 who made the charge. Edmund was wounded but was not captured.

Edmund's son, Edmund Jr., was one of the wounded Virginia Military Institute cadets at New Market, VA when fifty-three out of two hundred and twenty five of the boys were killed and wounded.

Prince William County furnished four infantry companies and two cavalry companies.

From the Manassas Journal, June 17, 1904:

"It is highly probable that a Prince William farm is entitled to the record of furnishing a larger number of men than any farm in the Confederacy, the Evergreen farm of Capt. Edmund Berkeley having furnished twelve as follows: Capt. Edmund Berkeley, his son, Edmund who was wounded in the battle of New Market, George Mayhugh, Nimrod Mayhugh, Thos. Sidmonds, Greenberry Belt, George A. Belt, James Belt, William Fair, John Osborne, Uriah Fletcher and Andrew Fletcher. The last two were Pennsylvanians who were working for Capt. Berkeley at the time he raised his Company and were among the first to volunteer. Urish was elected 2nd Sergeant and was killed at Seven Pines while his brother Andrew was wounded and got back to Prince William and died."

Before the war, the chief industry was a spoke mill. It was the first mill in Prince William County run by steam.

They shipped spokes to New York and New Orleans extensively, and at the time that it burned, there were several thousand spokes ready for shipment. It was operated by white labor, with twelve houses for these families located close by the mill, giving the appearance of a small village. As the workers were mostly from the North, and had no ties to the area, they went back after the mill was destroyed, as the times were too uncertain to rebuild them.

In 1862, when the town of Haymarket was destroyed by fire by Union troops, Edmund's wife, Mary Lawson Berkeley, offered these houses to the homeless townsfolk, and they were soon filled with refugees. Confederate uniforms were sewn at Evergreen.

After the war, Col. Edmund Berkeley returned to farming and took a great interest in the promotion of peace.

In 1911, fifty years to the date of the First Battle of Manassas, he delivered an opening poem at the Manassas National Jubilee of Peace where Confederate and Union veterans formed lines on the site of the battle and came together shaking hands. Later that day President Taft addressed the crowds.

At the time, Edmund was the ranking Confederate of Prince William County and was frequently called upon as a representative of the "Lost Cause" for dedications and ceremonies.

In 1906, the New York Monuments were dedicated on land located in what is the Manassas Battlefield National Park. During this time Edmund Berkeley was Vice-President of "The Bull Run Battle Park Association."

According to May 19th, 1911 Manassas Journal: "This organization, after consultation with the committee of the Grand Army of the Republic and with Confederate Veterans, gave their approval to the bill now pending before Congress, known as House Bill 1330. This Bill appropriates $50,000.00 to be used in the discretion of the Secretary of War who is directed to purchase so much of the land surrounding said monuments as shall in his judgment be sufficient for the protection of the same and to enable the citizens of the United States to visit the same…"

Colonel Berkeley was the "gentleman bountiful" of the neighborhood, greatly loved by the children because of the merry jokes at his command, and his pockets full of candy. Col Edmund Berkeley passed away at his home Evergreen at the age of 91.

In the 1940's the Delashmutt Family replaced the metal roof, added dormers to the third floor and added stone additions to each side. In 1968, Manassas investors purchased the farm and built a golf club and homes on the land.

The property is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and on the National Underground Railroad to Freedom.